Types of Bone Marrow Transplants & Doctor

Medical Treatment in India is now on par with International Standards as Indian doctors keep themselves updated on the latest developments in Medical. Bone Marrow Transplants can be categorized into two types:

 

 

Autologous Stem Cell Transplant

 

In this BMT process, the stem cells are extracted from the same person who is scheduled to undergo the procedure. Auto, which also means self, sees the patient himself becoming the donor as well. The major advantage of the Autologous Stem Cell Transplant procedure is that the patient gets his own cells back. As a result, the percentage of rejection of cells is zero. Doctors usually recommend this type of transplant procedure to treat certain types of lymphomas and multiple myeloma, autoimmune disorders, and multiple sclerosis.

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Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant

 

As the name indicates, Allo means other. Hence, in this case of the transplant procedure, the stem cells are extracted from another donor. The donor can be a related donor whose stem cells might match or an unrelated donor. The main advantage of this type of transplant is that the donor can be requested to donate more stem cells if required. Stem cells from healthy donors are free from cancer cells. Doctors usually recommend this type of transplant procedure to treat certain types of acute leukemias, bone marrow failure syndromes, aplastic anemia, immunodeficiency disorders, and thalassemia. To the surprise, for the majority of hematological disorders, this is only the cure.

 

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Umbilical cord blood transplant

 

Stem cells are taken from an umbilical cord immediately after the delivery of an infant. These stem cells reproduce into mature, functioning blood cells quicker and more effectively than stem cells taken from the bone marrow of another child or adult. The stem cells are tested, typed, counted, and frozen until they are needed for a transplant.

 

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What is a bone marrow transplant called?

 

A bone marrow transplant is also called a stem cell transplant. You might need a bone marrow transplant if your bone marrow stops working and does not produce enough healthy blood cells.

 

 

How long can you live after bone marrow transplant?

 

However, among 12 patients transplanted while in remission or at an early stage of their disease, 5 are surviving 65 to 1,160 days after transplantation, with an actuarial survival rate of 22% at 3 years.

 

What are the 2 most commonly used types of stem cells?

 

 

They serve as a repair system for the body. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells.

 

What disqualifies you from getting a bone marrow transplant?

 

Some transplant centers set age limits. Some people also may not be eligible for a transplant if they have other major health problems, such as serious heart, lung, liver, or kidney disease.

 

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What is the best hospital for bone marrow transplants?

 

Fortis Hospital is one of the largest providers of bone marrow transplants in India. Fortis bone marrow transplant teams in Delhi, Mumbai, and Noida are leaders and innovators in a range of bone marrow transplant options: Cell therapy, with on-site stem cell processing laboratories.

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Source:

 

 

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/bone-marrow-transplantation

https://www.mayoclinic.org/departments-centers/bone-marrow-transplant/sections/expertise-ranking/orc-20212208

https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/treatment-types/stem-cell-transplant/process.html

https://medlineplus.gov/stemcells.html

 

Watch Video – Complete Knowledge On Bone Marrow Transplant