Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic disorder that is most prevalent in populations with African ancestry. It is estimated that 80% of sickle cell disease cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa. However, sickle cell disease is also found in other parts of the world, including:
- India: India has the highest burden of sickle cell disease in the world, with an estimated 50 million carriers and around 300,000 babies born with the condition each year.
- Saudi Arabia: Sickle cell disease is common in Saudi Arabia, where it affects around 2% of the population.
- Brazil: Sickle cell disease is the most common genetic disease in Brazil, with an estimated 1 in every 500 people affected.
- United States: Sickle cell disease affects around 100,000 people in the United States, primarily those of African, Hispanic, and Middle Eastern descent.
- Caribbean countries: Sickle cell disease is common in the Caribbean, where it affects around 1 in every 500 people.
- Sub-Saharan African countries: Sickle cell disease is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, including countries such as Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Tanzania, and Cameroon.
It’s important to note that sickle cell disease is found in many other countries and populations as well. While there is no cure for sickle cell disease, early diagnosis and proper medical care can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.